Paris Agreement Mechanism

The Paris Agreement Mechanism: Understanding the Framework to Tackle Climate Change

The Paris Agreement is a historic global treaty that was signed in 2015 to address the challenges of climate change. It aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. One of the key components of the Paris Agreement is its Mechanism, which is designed to help countries reach these goals.

What is the Paris Agreement Mechanism?

The Paris Agreement Mechanism is a framework that helps countries to implement and strengthen their climate commitments. The Mechanism has three main components:

1. Nationally determined contributions (NDCs)

NDCs are the plans that each country submits to the United Nations detailing their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change. The Paris Agreement requires all countries to submit NDCs every five years, and each NDC must be more ambitious than the previous one. The Mechanism ensures that NDCs are transparent, measurable, and verifiable.

2. Global Stocktake

The Global Stocktake is a process that takes place every five years to assess the collective progress of all countries towards the Paris Agreement goals. The Stocktake evaluates the adequacy of NDCs, the progress made in implementing them, and the support needed to achieve them.

3. Transparency Framework

The Transparency Framework ensures that countries are held accountable for their climate commitments by providing a consistent and transparent system for reporting and reviewing progress. It involves a set of guidelines for reporting on emissions, mitigation efforts, and adaptation measures.

Why is the Paris Agreement Mechanism important?

The Paris Agreement Mechanism is critical for achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement. It provides a framework for countries to work together and to track progress towards the common goal of limiting global warming. By ensuring transparency and accountability, the Mechanism ensures that all countries are doing their part to address climate change.

The Mechanism also recognizes that different countries have different needs and capabilities, and it provides support to developing countries to help them implement their climate commitments. This support can take the form of financial assistance, technology transfers, and capacity building.

What are the challenges facing the Paris Agreement Mechanism?

Despite the important role of the Paris Agreement Mechanism in addressing climate change, there are several challenges facing its implementation. One of the main challenges is the lack of ambition in NDCs submitted by many countries. Unless countries increase their ambition, it will be difficult to achieve the Paris Agreement goals.

Another challenge is the lack of funding for developing countries to implement their climate commitments. Developed countries have committed to providing $100 billion per year in climate finance, but this goal has not yet been met.


The Paris Agreement Mechanism is a vital component of the global effort to tackle climate change. It provides a framework for countries to work together to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. By ensuring transparency, accountability, and support, the Mechanism aims to achieve the ambitious goals of the Paris Agreement. While there are challenges facing its implementation, the Mechanism remains a critical tool for addressing one of the greatest challenges facing humanity.